Cassville, MO
Burnin R Farms
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Early explorers brought livestock to the Americas beginning in the
1500s, including pigs that escaped or were deliberately set free in
the New World. These pigs were the foundation for the historic
populations of pigs, both domestic and feral, in the southern
United States. One of these is the Ossabaw, a feral breed that is
found on Ossabaw Island, off the coast of Georgia near
Savannah. There is historic agreement that Ossabaw Island hogs
have descended from foundation stock brought by Spanish
explorers, inferring that the pigs are Spanish in origin. Recent
DNA analysis suggests that the Ossabaw Island pigs came from
the Canary Islands, an important stop by the Spanish and
Portuguese explorers en route to the New World. Mitochondrial
DNA (mtDNA), which comes only from the maternal side, was
used in this study. The mtDNA of Spanish (or Iberian) pigs
reflects only European influences, whereas the mtDNA of pigs on
the Canary Islands reflects the influence of Asian pigs. The
mtDNA of the Ossabaw Island pigs is more like that of the pigs
on the Canary Islands than the Iberian. Additional genetic
research is needed to understand the relationship of the pigs on
the Canary Islands and on Ossabaw Island with Spanish pigs ,
including the paternal side of the DNA picture.

The Ossabaw Island pig breed is unusual and important for three
reasons. Its history as an isolated island population has meant
that the Ossabaw is the closest genetic representative of historic
stocks brought over by the Spanish. Second, the presence of pigs on
Ossabaw Island provides scientists with an exceptional
opportunity to study a long-term feral population, which is well
documented. Third, the Ossabaw Island breed is biologically
unique, having been shaped by natural selection in a challenging
environment known for heat, humidity, and seasonal scarcity of
food. Ossabaw Island hogs may be as small as 100 pounds, but
they are able to store astounding amounts of body fat in order to
survive during the seasons when there is little to eat. This
biochemical adaptation is similar to non insulin dependent
diabetes in humans, making the pigs a natural animal model for
this disease. The pigs are also highly tolerant of dietary salt. It
has been found that Ossabaw Island hogs, once removed from the
selective pressures of their island home, begin to lose some of their
unique survival adaptations in generations bred and kept in
captive environments.

Source: http://albc-usa.org/cpl/Ossabaw.html
Ossabaw Island Pigs rooting in garden
Our herd of Full-Blood Ossabaw Island Pigs is expanding. This
Heritage pig is well known for its highly marbled meat, and its
old world taste. This premium pork is on the menu of some of
the best known restaurants in New York, San Francisco, and
Chicago. These descendants of the Spanish pigs (famous for
Iberico ham) brought to the new world in the 1500’s have been
isolated on an island off of the Georgia coast.

Ossabaw Island pigs average around 180 pounds for a butcher
size hog,  combining that with their ability to thrive on less food
makes them perfect for pasture raised pork and sustainable
farming.  
  
Heritage Pork is considered the best pork for the BBQ grill and
for the table. There are many breeds of Heritage pork, but we
believe that pasture raised Ossabaw Island pork is second to
none.

Please explore our site to learn more about this rare breed.
Ossabaw Island Pigs